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TV3 Vanguard Satellite

The tiny, 6.4-inch Vanguard TV3 satellite, first produced in 1957, was part of Project Vanguard, a program of the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory created to compete in the race to launch human-made satellites into orbit. The transmitter transistor within the satellite was developed by Alabama inventor and physicist C. Harry Knowles and was launched within the nosecone of a Vanguard rocket.
Photo courtesy of Auburn University Digital Library