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James P. Kaetz, Auburn University
Madrid is located in southwestern Houston County in the extreme southeastern corner of the state just north of the Florida border. It has a mayor/city council form of government.
The town of Madrid (pronounced with the emphasis on the first syllable) was founded in 1905. Land speculator J. B. Dell and a partner bought considerable acreage around the intersection of the Bay Line Railroad and a dirt road running from a nearby lumber company to meet the railroad that came through a few years later. They divided the land into lots for sale. Dell gave the town its name and unique pronunciation of the word.
Madrid's population according to the 2010 Census was 350. Of that number, 88.9 percent of respondents identified themselves as white, 8.6 percent as African American, 3.1 percent as Hispanic or Latino, 0.9 percent as Asian, and 0.6 percent as Native American. The town's median household income, according to 2010 estimates, was $66,127, and the per capita income was $21,354.
According to the 2010 Census, the workforce in Madrid was divided among the following occupational categories:
· Educational services, and health care and social assistance (30.6 percent)
· Other services, except public administration (13.9 percent)
· Transportation and warehousing and utilities (11.1 percent)
· Wholesale trade (10.2 percent)
· Professional, scientific, management, and administrative and waste   management services (9.3 percent)
· Finance, insurance, and real estate, rental, and leasing (8.3 percent)
· Manufacturing (6.5 percent)
· Retail trade (5.6 percent)
· Arts, entertainment, recreation, and accommodation and food services (2.8   percent)
· Construction (1.9 percent)
Students in Madrid attend Houston County schools; no public schools are located within the town limits.
U.S. Highway 231 runs through the west side of Madrid, going north-south. The Bay Line Railroad operates a rail line through Madrid.

Additional Resources

Houston County Heritage Book Committee. The Heritage of Houston County, Alabama Clanton, Ala.: Heritage Publishing Consultants, 2003.
Watson, Fred S. Hub of the Wiregrass: A History of Houston County, Alabama 1903-1972. Anniston, Ala.: Higginbotham, Inc., 1972.
Published:  June 12, 2017   |   Last updated:  June 12, 2017