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James P. Kaetz, Auburn University
Black is located in south-central Geneva County in the extreme southeast part of the state. It has a mayor/city council form of government. Black has the distinction of being one of only four towns in Alabama with circular town limits.
Black is named for George W. Black, who arrived in the area in 1884. He would purchase 10,000 acres in Geneva County where Black is currently located in the early 1900s. He was a local land and store owner and one of the town's first sheriffs and reportedly built the first cane mill in Alabama and would produce large quantities of syrup. His son became a county probate judge in 1904. Black was initially a thriving city, with several stores, a drugstore, its own telephone system, and a turpentine distillery. The Louisville and Nashville Railroad ran just north of town. Black incorporated in 1906.
Black's population according to the 2010 Census was 207. Of that number, 92.3 percent of respondents identified themselves as white, 6.3 percent as African American, and 1.4 percent as two or more races. The town's median household income, according to 2010 estimates, was $67,500, and the per capita income was $26,156.
The workforce in present-day Black is divided among the following occupational categories:
· Transportation and warehousing and utilities (21.9 percent)
· Public administration (14.6 percent)
· Manufacturing (12.5 percent)
· Retail trade (12.5 percent)
· Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and extractive (8.3 percent)
· Wholesale trade (8.3 percent)
· Educational services, and health care and social assistance (8.3 percent)
· Finance, insurance, and real estate, rental, and leasing (6.3 percent)
· Construction (5.2 percent)
· Other services, except public administration (2.1 percent)
Students in Black attend Geneva County schools; no public schools lie within the town limits.
State Highway 167 is located about five miles east of Black, running north-south, and Florida State Highway 2 lies less than five miles south of Black, running east-west. Interstate Highway 10 lies approximately 20 miles south of Black.

Additional Resources

Geneva County Heritage Book Committee. The Heritage of Geneva County, Alabama. Clanton, Ala.: Heritage Publishing Consultants, 2002.
Published:  August 22, 2016   |   Last updated:  August 22, 2016