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Pine Hill

James P. Kaetz, Auburn University
Pine Hill is located in western Wilcox County in the west-central region of the state. It has a mayor/city council form of government.
History
Pine Hill Depot Museum
The area where Pine Hill now is located first was named Arnold. After an early settler referred to a hill covered with pines as "that pine hill," the name stuck and the first post office, established in 1839, was named Pine Hill. The arrival of the Birmingham and Mobile Railroad in 1888 spurred settlement closer to the tracks and the establishment of businesses.
Pine Hill was incorporated in 1895. In 1903, the Vredenburgh Saw Mill became an integral part of the local economy. In 1911, the Alabama and Northwestern Railroad built a line to the town to carry lumber from the area. It ceased operation in 1934. The first telephone system was established in 1925, and electrical service came to town in 1927. However, it was not until 1951 that a municipal water system was constructed.
The MacMillan-Bloedel Wood Products Complex opened in 1966. In 1981, Pine Hill purchased land and established a municipal park and a museum, housed in the relocated train depot.
Demographics
According to 2016 Census estimates, Pine Hill recorded a population of 940. Of that number, 63.3 percent of respondents identified themselves as African American and 36.7 percent as white. The town's median household income was $24,848, and the per capita income was $13,311.
Employment
According to 2016 Census estimates, the workforce in Pine Hill was divided among the following industrial categories:
  • Retail trade (26.0 percent)
  • Manufacturing (20.2 percent)
  • Educational services and health care and social assistance (19.3 percent)
  • Finance and insurance, and real estate and rental and leasing (8.1 percent)
  • Arts, entertainment, and recreation, and accommodation and food services (7.2 percent)
  • Public administration (6.3 percent)
  • Other services, except public administration (3.6 percent)
  • Transportation and warehousing, and utilities (3.1 percent)
  • Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and extraction (2.7 percent)
  • Professional, scientific, and management, and administrative and waste management services (2.2 percent)
  • Construction (1.3 percent)
Education
Pine Hill is part of the Wilcox County Schools. The town has one public elementary school.
Transportation
Pine Hill Municipal Park
>Pine Hill is served by State Highway 10, which runs southeast-northwest, and State Highway 5, which runs north-southwest. Pine Hill Municipal Airport serves general aviation.
Events and Places of Interest
The Pine Hill Depot Museum features railroad-related artifacts including a Southern Railroad caboose and preserves the history of Pine Hill and surrounding communities. The depot was built in 1905 and now resides in Pine Hill Municipal Park, which also has a playground.

Additional Resources

Wilcox County Heritage Book Committee. The Heritage of Wilcox County, Alabama. Clanton, Ala.: Heritage Publishing Consultants, 2002.
Published:  May 6, 2013   |   Last updated:  October 9, 2010