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LaFayette

Greg Schmidt, Auburn University
Joe Louis Statue in LaFayette
LaFayette, the county seat for Chambers County, was named to honor Revolutionary War hero French general Marquis de Lafayette. Located in east-central Alabama on a ridge that divides the Chattahoochee and Tallapoosa river basins, LaFayette was home to senators Thomas Heflin and Claude Pepper, southern humorist Johnson Jones Hooper, and boxing heavyweight champion Joe Louis. The city is situated on the southern edge of the Piedmont Plateau. LaFayette has a mayor-council form of government. Elections are non-partisan, with the mayor and council members serving four-year terms.
History
After the 1832 Treaty of Cusseta and the creation of Chambers County from lands once controlled by the Creek Indian Nation, newly elected Chambers County officials had to decide where to locate the county seat. Thomas Russell, a courthouse commissioner, suggested a place as near as possible to the center of the county. Court officials agreed, and the proposed site was soon cleared and plotted. Lots were auctioned in October 1833, with proceeds from the sale financing the construction of a permanent courthouse and jail. The town was first called Chambersville, but by the time of incorporation on January 7, 1835, the town name had been changed to LaFayette.
The antebellum town grew quickly as both a center for agricultural trade and legal proceedings. Businesses and hotels were built near the public square around the courthouse, establishing the historic commercial center of LaFayette. Johnson Jones Hooper, noted southern humorist, began his literary career as the editor of LaFayette's East Alabamian newspaper. Hooper, who helped conduct the 1840 Census for neighboring Tallapoosa County, used his experiences with frontier families as inspiration for his stories and descriptions of memorable characters in his Simon Suggs stories, which first appeared in the East Alabamian in 1844.
Maple Hill Guest House and Gardens
Although the destruction of the Civil War largely missed LaFayette, the town still struggled during Reconstruction. With the resumption of the cotton trade and the extension of the railroad through the town in the 1870s, the town once again prospered. Agriculture-related industries such as grist and flour mills arrived after the Reconstruction Era, and the town expanded to include an opera house and an electric generating plant. In 1920, the LaFayette Cotton Mill began operation.
LaFayette's economic fortunes fell sharply during the Great Depression as the cotton mill closed and agricultural efforts in the area shifted from cotton to livestock husbandry and forestry. LaFayette has struggled since that time to diversify its economy beyond agriculture, textiles, and government jobs. In 1979, county officials created the Chambers County Industrial Development Authority, which allowed the town to strengthen its infrastructure and recruit new industries to the area. A majority of working-age residents of LaFayette commute to other towns for employment. In the late 1980s, the Chambers County courthouse and downtown LaFayette served as a set for the film Mississippi Burning.
Demographics
According to 2016 Census estimates, LaFayette recorded a population of 2,975. Of that number, 73.0 percent identified themselves as African American, 26.9 percent as white, 0.4 percent as Hispanic, and 0.1 percent as two or more races. The city's median household income was $26,932, and per capita income was $17,609.
Employment
According to 2016 Census estimates, the workforce in LaFayette was divided among the following industrial categories:
· Manufacturing (24.6 percent)
· Educational services, and health care and social assistance (22.5 percent)
· Retail trade (17.9 percent)
· Professional, scientific, management, and administrative and waste   management services (9.0 percent)
· Public administration (5.7 percent)
· Construction (4.2 percent)
· Wholesale trade (4.2 percent)
· Other services, except public administration (4.0 percent)
· Transportation and warehousing and utilities (2.7 percent)
· Arts, entertainment, recreation, and accommodation and food services (1.9   percent)
· Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and extractive (1.3 percent)
· Information (1.2 percent)
· Finance, insurance, and real estate, rental, and leasing (1.0 percent)
Education
The Chambers County School System serves the city of LaFayette. Within the city limits, there is one elementary school, one middle school, one high school, and one technical school.
Transportation
Two highways intersect in LaFayette: U.S. Highway 431, a north-south artery, and Alabama State Highway 50, an east-west route. LaFayette is 12 miles away from Interstate 85 and is convenient to three major urban centers: Atlanta, 98 miles northeast; Birmingham, 134 miles northwest; and Montgomery 95 miles southwest.
Events and Places of Interest
Chambers County Museum
LaFayette's wide streets, historic buildings, and ancient trees attract both tourists and casual travelers alike. The Chambers County Museum, located in the former Central of Georgia Railroad depot, displays a variety of exhibits relating to the history of LaFayette and Chambers County. The museum features exhibits on the Civil War, boxing champion Joe Louis (who was born near LaFayette in 1914), Creek Indians, the river ferry Tallapoosa Queen, and a number of artifacts representing the agricultural and artistic heritage of the region. LaFayette Day, an annual event to benefit the Valley Haven School, is held on the Courthouse Square and features live entertainment, barbecue, arts and crafts, and a car show.
LaFayette is located near several major impoundments, including West Point Lake in Georgia, 15 minutes to the east and Alabama's Lake Martin, 30 minutes to the west. In addition to these major lakes, LaFayette has fishing opportunities at the 90-acre City Lake and the 183-acre Chambers County Lake. The forests and pastures surrounding LaFayette, with their abundant deer and turkey, are known for their excellent hunting opportunities.

Additional Resources

The Heritage of Chambers County Alabama. Clanton, Ala: Heritage Publishing Consultants, 1999.
Orr, Nell Hart. A History of LaFayette, Alabama, 1833-1933. Alabama Polytechnic Institute, Master's thesis, 1950.
Published:  October 17, 2009   |   Last updated:  May 31, 2018