· Area: 611 square miles
· Population: 13,906 (2010 Census)
· Major Waterways: Conecuh River
· County Seat: Luverne
· Largest City: Luverne
Crenshaw County was created by an act of the Alabama State Legislature on November 24, 1866, from parts of Butler, Coffee, Covington, Pike, and Lowndes counties. The county was named for Anderson Crenshaw of Alabama, a judge and prominent settler of Butler County. The region's infertile soil and hilly terrain hindered large-scale farming, and settlers focused instead on timbering. Crenshaw County's economy received a boost in 1886 when the Montgomery and Florida Railroad company began purchasing land, completing a line through the county in 1888. The new town of Luverne sprang up east of Patsaliga Creek and by March of 1890 boasted a population of almost 1,000. Businesses included grocery, hardware, and clothing stores, a saloon and restaurant, a blacksmith shop, telegraph service, several sawmills, a grist mill, a planing mill, a hotel, and a newspaper. The town of Glenwood, created in 1896 after completion of a Central of Georgia Railroad line, soon included a bank, several sawmills, a number of stores, a school, and a cotton gin.
The rugged terrain and infertile soil of Crenshaw County made large-scale farming impractical. As a result, early settlers focused their efforts on timbering in the piney woods of the county. In 1886, the Montgomery and Florida Railroad company began purchasing land in Crenshaw County for a right-of-way for a rail line to run from Sprague Junction in Montgomery County to Crenshaw County, allowing lumber mills to ship their products with greater ease.
· Manufacturing (13.4 percent)
· Construction (11.1 percent)
· Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and extractive (9.9 percent)
· Retail trade (9.4 percent)
· Arts, entertainment, recreation, and accommodation and food services (7.8 percent)
· Transportation and warehousing, and utilities (7.6 percent)
· Public administration (7.1 percent)
· Wholesale trade (5.1 percent)
· Finance and insurance, and real estate, rental, and leasing (3.9 percent)
· Professional, scientific, management, and administrative and waste management services (3.1 percent)
· Other services, except public administration (3.1 percent)
· Information (2.3 percent)
Encompassing approximately 611 square miles, Crenshaw County lies in the south-central area of the state, wholly within the Coastal Plain physiographic section. It is bounded to the north by Montgomery and Lowndes counties, to the east by Pike and Coffee counties, to the south by Covington County, and to the west by Butler County.
Events and Places of Interest
Every fall the town of Luverne holds its annual "World's Largest Peanut Boil." The town also boasts an historic district featuring several Queen Anne- and Craftsmen-style homes.